Publication Ethics

Based on the Regulation of the Indonesian Institute of Sciences of the Republic of Indonesia No. 3 of 2021 on the Management of Electronic Scientific Journals, and following the guidelines of the Committee on Publication Ethics (COPE) in all matters related to publication ethics, particularly in research and publication misconduct protocols, Tsaqila adapts COPE to meet the high ethical standards intended for editors, authors and peer reviewers. The publisher has no right to interfere with the integrity of article content and is only responsible for regular and timely publication.

Journal Publication Ethics Guidelines

The publication of articles in peer-reviewed journals published by Universitas Muhammadiyah Sumatera Utara is one of the ways to improve the quality of teachers and lecturers in producing written works. The resulting article is a manifestation of the application of scientific research conducted in the learning environment and society. The parties involved: authors, journal editors, reviewers and publishers. Tsaqila Journal of Education and Technology takes this opportunity to carry out the task of keeping all stages of publishing in good order according to the responsibilities of each component.

Author responsibilities

Reporting standards

Authors of original research reports must provide an accurate account of the work carried out and an objective discussion of its significance. The underlying data must be accurately reported in the paper. A paper should contain sufficient detail and references to enable others to replicate the work. Misleading or deliberately inaccurate statements are unethical and unacceptable. Reviews and articles in professional publications must also be accurate and objective, and editorial "opinion" must be clearly identified.

Data access and retention

Authors may be asked to provide raw data associated with articles for editorial review and should be prepared to retain such data for a reasonable period after publication.

Originality and plagiarism

Authors must ensure that they have written entirely original work and, where the author has used the work and/or words of others, that these have been appropriately cited or quoted. Plagiarism takes many forms, from 'passing off' someone else's work as one's own, to copying or paraphrasing significant parts of someone else's work (without attribution), to claiming results from research conducted by others. Plagiarism in any form is unethical and unacceptable publishing behaviour.

Source acknowledgement

Appropriate acknowledgement of the work of others should always be given. Authors should cite publications that have been influential in determining the nature of the work reported. Information obtained privately, such as in conversations, correspondence or discussions with third parties, should not be used or reported without the explicit written permission of the source. Information obtained through confidential services, such as referenced manuscripts or grant applications, should not be used without the express written permission of the authors of the works involved in these services.

Authorship of papers

Authorship should be limited to those who have made a substantial contribution to the conception, design, conduct, or interpretation of the reported study. All persons who have made significant contributions should be listed as co-authors. If there are other individuals who have been involved in specific substantive aspects of the research project, they should be acknowledged or listed as contributors. The corresponding author should ensure that all co-authors have seen and approved the final version of the paper and have agreed to its submission for publication.

Substantial errors in published work

If an author discovers significant errors or inaccuracies in his or her published work, it is the author's responsibility to notify the journal editor or publisher immediately and to cooperate with the editor in retracting or correcting the paper. If the editor or publisher learns from a third party that a published paper contains significant errors, it is the author's responsibility to immediately retract or correct the paper or provide the editor with evidence of the accuracy of the original paper.

Duties of the editor

Publication decision

Editors of peer-reviewed journals are responsible for deciding which articles submitted to the journal should be published, often in conjunction with the relevant society (for society-owned or sponsored journals). The validity of the work and its importance to researchers and readers should always drive the decision. The editor may be guided by the policies of the journal's editorial board, and may be constrained by legal requirements relating to libel, copyright infringement and plagiarism. Editors may consult with other editors or referees (or officers of the society) in making these decisions.

Fair Play

An editor should evaluate manuscripts for their intellectual content without regard to the author's race, gender, sexual orientation, religious beliefs, ethnic origin, nationality, or political philosophy.


Editors and editorial staff should not disclose information about a submitted manuscript to anyone other than the authors concerned, reviewers, potential reviewers, other editorial advisors, and the publisher, as appropriate.

Disclosure and Conflicts of Interest

Unpublished material disclosed in a submitted manuscript may not be used for the editor's own research without the written consent of the authors. Privileged information or ideas obtained through peer review must be kept confidential and not used for personal gain. Editors should recuse themselves (i.e. ask a co-editor, associate editor, or other member of the editorial board to review and consider) from reviewing manuscripts in which they have a conflict of interest arising from a competitive, collaborative, or other relationship or association with any of the authors, companies, or (possibly) institutions associated with the paper. Editors should require all contributors to disclose relevant competing interests and to publish a correction in the case of competing interests.